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REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 269 

S. C. P. 

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(TO BE CONTINUED.) 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 



From the Records of Pittsylvania County. 



Contributed by Mrs. N. E. Clement, Chatham, Va. 



James Hopkins. 

On this 17th day of Sept. personally appeared in open 
Court before the Justices of the Court of Pitts, now sitting, 
James Hopkins, a resident in. the State of Va. in the Co. of 
Pitts, aged sixty seven years on the 22 day of February 
1832 who being first sworn according to law, doth on his oath 
make the following declaration — 

That he entered the service of the U. S. as a Substitute in 
the place of James Hopkins, Sen., sometime in the Spring 
1780, and marched - from the County of Amherst & State 
aforesaid under the Command of Capt. Azarriah Martin, 
Lieu't Wm. Holt, and Ensign Leroy, the place cf rendezvous 
was at Hillsborough in the State of N. Carolina. After our 
arrival there we were transferred to 4th Reg't Virginia Militia 
Commanded by Col. Lucas from the County of Mecklenburg, 
the Brigade was Commanded by Brigadier Gen. Stevens, from 
the County of Culpeper — After remaining at Hillsborough 
some time, for the purpose of being diciplined, we were 



260 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

ordered to march to S. Carolina and join Maj. Gn'l H. Gates 
Commander in Chief of the Southern Army, at a place called 
Rugeley's Mills on the morning of the 15th August, rested 
the balance of the day, and at 10 O'Clock at night took up the 
line of March to Surprize the enemy before day, who were 
encamped at Campden, who marched at the same hour; the 
two armies met on the middle ground, a Sharp Skirmish 
between the advanced guards took place that night, the line 
was formed and the men stood under arms all night — the 
next morning the 16th the line was ordered to advance, and 
a general engagement took place about the rising of the sun, 
which resulted in a Shameful defeat of the Southern Army ; — 
there was no place designated, in the event of defeat, at 
which we should rendezvous, we had lost all our baggage, 
and were destitute of any Clothing, except what little we had 
on ; Seperated from our officers and no means of Subsistance, 
— under these appalling Circumstances, although Our term 
of service was nearly expired, a Considerable number of the 
Company to which I belonged, determined to make the best 
of their way home; after our return to Amherst County, a 
Court of inquiry Convened and made an Order that we should 
all be sent back and serve a tour of eight months under regular 
Officers, — we were accordingly mustered and put under the 
Command of Cap't Pamlin who marched us back to Hills- 
borough, where Gen'l Green's army then lay, and we were 
transferred to the Command of a Cap't Graves of Co. of 
Culpeper, who was assigned to take Command of the men 
sent back from a few Other Counties for the same offence. In 
a short time the Army was ordered to march to the South, 
we passed thro' Sallisbury, Charlotte &c and about the 1st 
of Jan. 1781, we took up winter quarters on North Side of 
Peedee river, near the Cheraw hills, S. Carolina. Sometime 
in the month of Feb; if my memory is correct there was a 
general order issued for all married men belonging to the 
eight months' Company as they were called, to be discharged, 
and the young men to be retained till their term of service 
expired, this reduced the Company very Considerably, — Capt. 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 261 

Graves was permitted to return home with those men that were 
discharged, and the balance retained in service were placed 
under the Command of a Cap't Webb and Lieut. Webb, 
who I understand came from about Richmond in Virginia. 
Shortly after this Gen'l Morgan defeated Col. Tarlton at a 
place called Cowpens, and took a number of prisoners and 
had to make a rapid retreat to save them from being retaken 
by the enemy, — as soon as Gen. Greene received the informa- 
tion, he immediately marched off the Army to Cover Morgan's 
retreat, and left this small Company of eight months' men, 
some of whom were stationed at mills to guard them and 
keep them employed in grinding meal and flower for the use 
of the Army, and some to guard the encampment — finally 
Capt. Webb received Orders to take charge of eight or ten 
waggons — loaded with meal and flower, and about four 
hundred head of Hogs, and to follow on after the army, and 
we were in fact, in rear of both armies ; — when we reached 
Deep river in N. Carolina intending to go to Guilford C. H. 
we there received intelligence that Cornwallis was at the place, 
we then had to change our rout, turned to the right, went 
thro' Hillsborough & Granville County, and Crossed the 
Roanoke river at Taylor's Ferry, near which place in the 
County of Mecklenburg, in State of Va. was a Commissaries 
Store, where the Capt. delivered the meal, flower Hogs &c 
which we protected & brought safe through a part of our 
Country that at that time was literally speaking, in the hands 
of the British and tories, — by this time our term of service 
was nearly expired, we were permitted to draw up a Petition, 
&& send it on by express to Gen. Greene, stating our situation, 
that we were almost naked, almost worn out with fatigue, 
& praying him to send orders to the Capt. to discharge us, 
which he did, and we met the express in the County of Halifax, 
near Banister river in State of Va. where the Company were 
accordingly discharged, which was about the ist March, 1781, 
this discharge has long since been destroyed, he has no docu- 
mentary evidence to prove his service, he claims to have 
served in the whole nine months. He hereby relinquishes 



262 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

every claim whatsoever to a pension or annuity except the 
present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll 
of the Agency of any State. 

James Hopkins. 



James Nance. 

James Nance, age 70 yrs, on 17 day of Sept. 1832 made 
following declaration before open Court of Pitts. Co. Va. — 
that he was born on 2nd day of Feb. 1762 in the County of 
Amelia (now Nottoway) Va. according to his Father's 
Register, which is not in his possession, that he entered the 
service of the U. S. as a drafted Soldier on the 9th day of 
February, 1779 under Capt. Wm. Fitzgerald, Lieut. Charles 
Irby. Ensign Bowling Hall & marched to Halifax town, N. C. 
where he joined Col. David Mason of Va. & marched from 
thence to Hillsborough & Salsbury, N. C. & joined General 
Lincoln at Stone Camp, S. C. & fought a hard Battle with 
the British on the 20th of June 1779 in which he was engaged 
from the Commencement to the end, after which he marched 
back to camp where he remained some time, that he knew 
Count Pulaski and General Parsons & etc. from thence was 
marched to Camden, S. C. & discharged in August 1779, 
after serving a tower of 6 months, that he acted as fifer and 
was disbanded by Col. Mason, and returned to Amelia, Va. 
on 10th Aug. 1779. In the year 1780 he served a tower of 
Duty under Capt. Gray belonging to the United States Army, 
commanded by Col. White. The fall of same year, he was 
called on to render service agreeably to drafted numbers & 
served a tower of 3 months under Capt. Irby, Lieut's name 
not recollected, was marched to Petersburg, Va., from there 
to Cabbin point, thence to Markey's Mills, thence to Nance- 
mund thence to a place not recollected, & returned to Nancy- 
mun, he then * * [illegible] * * in the Calvary under 
Charles Irby for * * [illegible] * * the war upon condi- 
tion that he could procure a horse, was priviledged to 
go home & get a horse & return to camp, & in the event he 
could not get a horse, his absence was to be counted as on 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 263 

furlow; when he got home it being inconvenient to procure 
a horse & a young man in the neighborood by the name of 
Elisha Gunn being called on to join Genl. Greene in oppo- 
sition to Lord Cornwallis, the said Gunn & himself changed 
towers, & being organized he marched under Capt. Over- 
street and joined headquarters on troublesome Creak, N. C, 
after various marches they met the British & had a severe 
Battle at Gilford Court house, after marching to deep river 
at ramsey's mills, Chatham County, N. C. he was honorably 
discharged, by Brigadier General Lawson of the Va. troops, 
after which he returned to Amelia county, Va. there he re- 
mained until the 5th day of Jan. 1801 at which time he removed 
to Wake Co. N. C. where he has remained ever since, & being 
on a visit to friends in Pitts. Co. Va. avails himself of the 
opportunity to make his declaration, having it more in his 
power to establish his service here than in N. C. serving as 
a Militiaman, there was no written discharge given to such. 

James X Nance. 

William Dews. 

On this 20th day of August 1831 personally appeared before 
the Court of the County of Pittsylvania now sitting, Wm. 
Dews, a resident of said Co., aged 80 yrs, who being first 
duly sworn, according to law, doth on his oath make following 
declaration — 

That he enlisted in the Army of the U. S. in the Month 
of Feb. 1776 for two yrs. with Lieut. Henderson, in Cap't 
Walkers Company then Stationed at Charlottsville in the 
County of Albemarle, Va. On the 15th day of that Month 
this Company left Charlottsville & marched direct to Glou- 
cester Court House Va. & from there they marched to Chese- 
peak Bay, and went across to the County of Northampton & 
was there attached to the 9th Reg't of the Va. line under 
the Command of Col. George Matthews and Major Ivins, 
that they were stationed in said Co. of Northampton untill 
about the 19th or 20th of Dec. 1776 when they were marched 



264 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

from there to Morristown in New Jersey and joined the 
army under Gen'l George Washington at that place in January 
1777 where he had taken up Winter Quarters. 

Early in the Spring following a picked Company was made 
up from the different regiments & placed under the command 
of Lieut Henderson who acted as Capt. of which he, said Wm. 
Dews was one. — this Company was put under Col. Daniel 
Morgan, who commanded a Rifle Choir and was with him in 
three engagements — On One day, first at Brunswick where the 
British had wintered, the 2nd and third near the same place, 
that he continued with Col. Morgan Several months until 
he was ordered to Albany, that he left Col. Morgan near 
Summerset C. H. New Jersey, and returned under the Com- 
mand of Lieut Martin to the said 9th Reg't under Col. Mat- 
thews & was stationed at the Cross Roads near Philadelphia 
when the British arrived at the head of Elk River, he was 
placed under the Command of Col. Richard Parker & was with 
him in the Battle of Brandywine on the nth of September 
1777, soon after that he was again transferred to the 9th 
Regiment with Col'o Matthews & was with him in the Battle 
of Germantown where his Regiment was defeated by the 
British & he, said Dews was taken Prisoner on the 4th of 
October 1777 and carried to Philadelphia and put in Jail, kept 
there about eight months & was then carried by the British 
to New York and kept under guard 18 days. Then exchanged 
at Elizabeth River about the 17th July 1778, then marched 
to the White Plains in the State of New York and there 
discharged about the last of the same month, the whole of 
the service rendered under this enlistment including the time 
of his being a prisoner with the British is two yrs. and about 
6 Months, his discharge was destroyed by the British in the 
town of Petersburg, Va. soon after he obtained it, but the 
service rendered is proved by the affidavits of David Street 
& Dudley Callaway who were regular soldiers with him in 
the Revolutionary War, that he resided in the County of Al- 
bemarle when he entered the service of the U. S. 
the yr. 1776. After his discharge from said service 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 265 

in yr. 1778 he resided for some time in the town of Peters- 
burg, Va. he now resides & has lived in the Co. of Pittsyl- 
vania for about 50 years. He hereby relinquishes every 
claim whatever to a pension except the present & declares 
that his name is not on the Pension Roll of any agency of 
any State. 

William X Dews. 



Dudley Callaway. 

I Dudley Callaway of the Town of Lynchburg in the Co. 
of Campbell & State of Va. do hereby Certify & do Solemnly 
Swear — that I enlisted a Soldier in the Army of the Revolu- 
tion in the year 1776 and Served in the 5th Regiment of the 
Va. line for about 16 mo. when he was detached from said 
5th Reg't & put under the Command of Col. Daniel Morgan 
who commanded a Rifle Choir & Served with said Morgan, 
that he then became acquainted with Wm. Dews of Pitts. Co. 
Va. who was a regular Soldier in the 9th Reg't under Col. 
Matthews, that he the said Wm. Dews was also detached 
from 9th Reg't & was put under Col. Morgan & served with 
me under said Morgan several Months, when he was put 
back with said Col. Matthews of the said 9th Regiment— and 
I was informed that said Dews was in Battle of Germantown 
& taken prisoner by the British & kept several months— that 
I believe the said Wm. Dews enlisted for two years & served 
faithfully as soldier in the Army of the Revolution, Given 
under my hand & seal this 14th day of August 1832. 

Dudley Callaway, [seal]. 



William M. Nance. 

William M. Nance, aged 72 years, Sept. 17, 1832 personally 
appeared in open Court in Pitts Co. & made following 
declaration — 

That he was born on the 18 January 1760 in County of 
Amelia, now Nottoway, Va. according to his father's register 



266 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

which is not in his possession, that he entered the service of 
the U. S. as a substitute for Wm. Mitchel in the year 1777 
under Capt. Gabriel Fowlks, Jno. Knight Lieut. & Wm. 
Brookin Ensign at the Court House of Amelia Co. Va. — 
and marched to Williamsburg & joined the Regiment under 
the Command of Col. Vivian Brookin and after remaining 
there he joined the army under the Command of General 
Tho's Nelson where he served several months, the particular 
not recollected but think it was less than 3 months and was 
disbanded by Col. Brookin at Hampton without any regular 
discharge and returned home where he remained until early 
in the month of Feb. 1779 when he was drafted and marched 
under Capt. Wm. Fitzgerald, Lieut. Charles Irby to Halifax 
Town, North Carolina where he joined Col. David Mason & 
marched thro' Hillsborough, Salsbury N. Carolina & joined 
Gen. Lincoln at Stone Camp South Carolina & fought a hard 
Battle with the British on the 20th of June 1779 in which 
he was engaged from the Commencement to the end after 
which he marched back to Camp where he remained some 
time, knew Count Pulaski, Genl. Parsons & etc., & from thence 
was marched to Camden, S. Carolina & disbanded in August 
1779, after serving a tour of 6 months, during which time 
"he was orderly sergeant & was disbanded by Col. Mason, 
returned to Amelia, Va. where remained till Dec. 1780 when 
he removed to County of Pitts, where he has resided ever 
since, and in the year 1781 he was drafted & marched from 
the county afo'd under Capt. Chas Williams, Lieut. Dix 
or Hunt he does not recollect which, to York Town, Va. 
where he was regularly engaged in the seige until the Sur- 
render, 2 days after which he with the other sick of th Troops 
of Pitts was discharged by General Stephens which discharge 
is lost or mislaid. 

Wm. M. Nance.